A Symphony of Science: Climate Change Music Video

Posted: January 9, 2013 by cleobellejoybunag in Uncategorized

Climate Change Video

Posted: January 8, 2013 by angellauriennesim in Uncategorized
Super Typhoon Pablo in the Phillippines

Super Typhoon Pablo in the Phillippines

Human activities have contributed significantly to the increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere that causes climate change.

Climate change is already having dramatic effects on forests, natural resources and people’s livelihoods.

Today, we are living in a generation wherein technologies are everywhere. The more technologically and legally advanced a civilization, the greater the need and desire for environmental stability, for a balance of nature and because of these we have not noticed that we are already destructing our own home, Philippines.

The Philippines is a hotspot for climate change disasters particularly the risk for agriculture and food security due to extreme El Nino and severe tropical cyclones. The spread of infectious diseases are influenced by fluctuations in climate variables, temperature, relative humidity and rainfall. Severe super typhoons like Pablo that destroyed millions worth of agricultural products and infrastructure.

Diseases such as dengue fever, malaria, cholera have increased throughout the years. Climate change impacts on coastal zones and marine ecosystems caused massive coral bleaching due to elevated sea temperature and fish kills and red tides.
Scientists warned the Philippines could experience famine by 2020, as the adverse impact of global warming takes its toll on natural resources. Thousands will be displaced from their homes especially in low-lying coastal communities.

We cannot do something to stop the changing of the environment for it is already there but we can do our best to slow the change.

References:

http://imagineechoprojectswaste.blogspot.com/

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=get-used-to-global-warming

Help Save Earth!

Help Save Earth!

Do you like warm weather? Do you wish it could be warmer still? Be careful what you wish for. The Earth may be moving in that direction and the trend is called Global Warming.

Do you wonder what causes the warming of the Earth?

Earth is given energy through sunlight and this light turns to heat when it hits the ground. The heat in turn seeps away from the Earth, but the atmosphere slows the heat’s escape. The atmosphere is a layer of air around the planet and it holds in some of the warmth.

The atmosphere is a mixture of many gases. In the last 250 years, this mixture has been changing. The amounts of gases such as methane and carbon dioxide have been rising. These gases trap heat more effectively than other gases. They make the Earth’s atmosphere act like the glass in a greenhouse. It lets sunlight in, but it doesn’t let heat out. As a result, heat is building up close to the surface and that causes it.

A lot of changes are happening in the atmosphere and people are one of the main reasons of it. The changes started hundreds of years ago when people began cutting down trees, damaging the forests and burning the wood. The invention of cars and other machines greatly increased the amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere. Such machines burn fuels like wood, coal, oil, and natural gas and when these fuels burn it add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.  If all of these things will continue to happen it would be dangerous.

Global warming could melt the ice at the poles. This would raise the level of the oceans. Water would then cover all the flat coastal lands. People would have less land on which to live and grow food. It would also have catastrophic effects on wildlife.

So what are we waiting for? Let us all be responsible, help conserve the Earth!

Reference:

Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

earth's changing climate

“Global warming is the most dangerous crisis we have even faced as a civilization. It is not a political issue. It’s a moral issue, an ethical issue and a survival issue.”—Gore

Philippines is signatory and have been ratified by both the United Nations Convention on Climate change and the Kyoto Protocol. Different types of programs have been made in response for the continuous change of the Philippine climate before natural law punishes mankind. Sometimes the suggestions and programs the government offers us are difficult to adopt but even small changes are worthwhile as they capture our awareness.

Here are some of the programs government has implemented:
1. BIOFUELS PROGRAM

  •   Ethanol
  •   Jatropha (initial 375,000 hectares allocated for production).
  •   Coco-diesel
  • Compressed natural gas (signed MOU with Chinese investor)

2. RA No.9637- Biofuel Act

  •   Mandatory mixing in the following amount of 1% biodiesel in petro-diesel and 5% ethanol in gasoline after 4 years and 2% diesel in petro-diesel and 10% ethanol in gasoline after 4 years.
  • Campaign against violators of environmental standards
  • Campaign versus smoke belchers
  • Campaign versus polluting industries with 6,690 inspections or sampling conducted and 532 notices of violations issued.
  •   Public utility drivers assisted in acquiring new or cleaner engines and vehicles.

3. Waste Management(1,080 open dumpsites nationwide)

  • Assisting LGU’s in proper waste management
  • Identified 366 potential sanitary landfills nationwide

4.Shift in Energy Mix from Fossil Fuels(Oil, Coal) to renewable sources (water, wind, natural gas, geothermal)

  • Present mix: Fossil fuels-58.4% and renewable sources-41.6%
  • Target-Fossil fuels-49.2% and renewable sources-50.8% by 2014.

5. Active promotion of CDM projects

  • Eight projects from the Philippines accepted by UN and qualified as CDM projects that will prevent emission about 253.919 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year and mostly are waste to energy projects.
  •   Philippines ranks 8th in the world in terms of number of CDM projects accepted by UN
  •   32 CDM projects submitted to DENR, these are waste o energy, renewable energy (wind, geothermal and hydro) Cogeneration and composting projects.

6. Green Philippine Highways

  •   Reforested 85,236 hectares
  • Planted 845.656 seedlings during one-day launching of GPH
  • Generated 20 million seedlings through the implementation of Green Philippines Program were the country’s forest play vital roles in mitigating the ill-effects brought about by the deadly greenhouse gas emissions.

7. Adaptation Measures to Mitigate Effects of Climate Change

  •   Geo-hazard mapping- identify areas most vulnerable to landslides and forewarn communities.

8. Administrative Order No. 171 Creating Presidential Task Force on Climate Change (PTFCC)

  •   Tasked to act with and resolve the urgency in addressing the issue of climate change, mitigate its impact and adapt to its effects.

Reference: Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Region VI–Handouts

global warming

Climate change is evident not just here in the Philippines but in the whole world.The different calamities that hit the different parts of the world such as the tsunami in Japan,hurricane and tornado at certain parts of America, the melting of icebergs due to the increase of heat temperature, El Nino phenomenon on the different Asian countries and much more here in the Philippines that we experience unending flood and landslides as well as typhoons due to unpredicted weather condition.These things are just few of the impacts global warming and climate change has brought to us. It has caused thousands of death and damages to properties of different countries throughout the world.

Philippines is located in the typhoon belt which means that an average of twenty typhoons every year and incidents of flooding are higher in the country than anywhere else. Our country has not been spared of the weather-related disturbances and disasters. The past typhoons that we have encountered have been unusually heavy and have brought devastation to our country. Furthermore, flood has been the direct impact of the continuous changing of the earth’s changing climate.

flood in Philippines

In this time, a fierce typhoon in the name of Pablo and Quinta once again reminds us that climate change is real. A sign that global warming and the changing of the earth’s climate is becoming more rapidly in the country. In like manner, things like this must be encountered with long-term solutions primarily because we can’t hide from it. Its impacts are now visible and have been felt and experienced by many people that even the best preparations would not eliminate its effects.

Areas that seldom visited by typhoon are now being hit by these calamities, that caused damaged to lives and properties. These are just a few of the surprises that climate change is in store for us. The continuing technology of the different companies for rapid development here in the Philippines plays a great impact to our environment thus, the government has to decide it’s priorities and gamble the state of environment that causes a great impact on climate change.

One of the impacts of the continuous change in the earth's climate.

One of the impacts of the continuous change in the earth’s climate.

Climate change and global warming has been considered as the biggest and most threatening environmental issue facing mankind. The disturbance we have caused with the ozone layer of the earth’s atmosphere could already be seen, felt and suffered not just by this generation or even the next but also by the generation after the next generation.

As the earth’s temperature gets warmer, its effects on the human health, agriculture and food security as well as to the biodiversity and ecosystems have caused more death. In addition, unpredictable weather patterns that includes drought, typhoons, melting of the ice as well as the rising of the sea levels have been experienced in return for what we have done against our mother nature.

In communities we are into, many people are seen suffering from different kinds of diseases such as cardiovascular and respiratory disorders, cancers, skin and eye disorders and also weather related deaths. Furthermore, an increase in the incidence of dengue fever, malaria and other water and air-borne diseases has been few of the impacts of the continuous change in the earth’s climate in human health.

Photo credit: KBS LTER-MSU

Photo credit: KBS LTER-MSU

Climate change moreover is harming certain agricultural aspects as well as with the food security and production. These impacts are expected to increase over time with potentially devastating effects.Higher temperatures, for example, could place further stress on water-scarce regions and make it harder to rear animals and grow food crops. According to the Convention on Biological Diversity climate change may affect plants growth and production by promoting the spread of pests and diseases, increasing exposure to heat stress and encouraging soil erosion due to stronger winds. By as much as 10 percent, the agricultural yield is declining due to the increase in the tropics temperature which directly threatens food security.

Biodiversity and ecosystems could also encounter impacts brought about by the totally changing temperature in the earth’s atmosphere. Heat waves have been one of the reasons why we are experiencing many changes in our everyday lives. In like manner, species extinction decline in biological diversity and changes in a way species interact with each other. Also the changes in weather patterns alter ocean circulation and wave patterns affecting productivity, nutrient availability and marine ecological function. Sea level arises which resulted to the increase of flooding, saltwater intrusion affecting coastal agriculture, freshwater resources and fisheries. The decrease in rainfall has also contributed to the decline in the water supply for irrigation, drought and livestock losses and decrease in harvest. All of these things had greatly affected us in different ways while we live here on earth. Each one of us could contribute in taking action to prevent the continuously changing of earth’s climate. Let us all be aware and sensitive in all the things we do and as well as to what is happening around us in order we could lessen the impact climate change has brought to us.

Reference: Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Region VI–Handouts